“This is an individual process […] It has to come right out of the inside of the individual.
True Unity, Tom Dorrance
All commands are given with our body, no verbal commands, no threatening behavior
Horses communicate with their bodies. Of course we can teach tricks to horses to command by voice: “Whoa”, “Go”, clucking and other things. Yet, how would you like your horse to respond to someone else when you are riding it?
So, verbal commands are useless, except if that does help you to feel better with your horse. Some people need to express their worries, or simply their feelings. In such a case, using verbal commands can be useful, but eventually you should give up this habit.
On the other hand, aggressive behavior should always be proscribed. Some horsemen _ in particular the Australian horsemanship also known as Downunder horsemanship by Clinton Anderson _ have based their method on the prey vs. predator concepts. Of course, horses are basically prey animals and have a very strong self-conservation instinct. We should always keep that in mind, but we should not use it in our relations with the horse as this would imply leadership based on fear.
We will interact with horses simply by positioning our body in a direction on in a posture that they will understand. Eventually, our look to the hindquarters for instance will be enough to obtain a response. After a long partnership, thinking might be enough: I am not talking about telepathy or other mystical concept, but spending time with each other will enable your horse and yourself to better comprehend each other.
Make the wrong thing difficult, but not impossible, and the right thing easy
If your horse starts to move every time you want to put your foot in the stirrup, make it move backwards, over ten to twenty meters. Then stop and let it have a peaceful moment with you. Pretty soon, this horse will stand still by your side all the time.
If you are used to play “Catch Me If You Can” with your horse in the pasture, just change the rule of the game. Make it move, far and fast. Every time it comes back to its fellow horses, cut him from the herd and send him lope elsewhere in the field. After a few minutes, it will wait nicely for you and your halter… and it will thank you for catching him!
This will help the horse figure out what is best for itself. On the contrary, if you make this wrong thing ‘impossible’, you create a conflict zone between you and your horse.
Always offer the good deal first, the firm deal second
This is the other side of the “wrong thing/right thing” medal. When teaching your horse, you should start by offering a good deal, a gentle cue. Then if it does not respond, you should firm up and “make him an offer he can’t refuse”. Well, you may not be as extreme as Don Corleone, still you ought be as firm as necessary: that means your level of command should be high enough to obtain a response from the horse, but that level should never reach the hard red zone.
Most of the time, the second deal is a higher level of pressure that is uncomfortable enough to let the horse decide to do something. Then, it is yours to be consistent and not to release pressure until you get the expected response.
Always keep the horse within your rectangle, offering it as THE safest place in the world
Being a horse owner or a rider is a thrilling experience as you are in command of a 500-kilo living being. You squeeze slightly your calves and here you go, you raise your right index and here you turn, you put your weight in the back of your seat and here you stop…
And that is what the rectangle is: a zone of comfort, peace and security.
Controlling independently the hind end from the front end is a key to establish mutual respect
I first read that was of great importance without understanding why. Then, with young horses, I could observe how efficient it is to establish leadership. With older horses, it is simply a matter of physical possibilities. Some horses are so stiff either from the hind end or the fore end, that this will have an impact on their capacity to move right or left, to jog, trot or canter.
Always control the level of energy in the horse's motion
Since my feet do not touch the ground I think of his feet and legs as being mine.
Think Harmony With Horses, Ray Hunt
With this in mind, try to imagine your legs running without your consent. Pretty weird, isn’t it?
You should have this bizarre feeling when your horse decides to fasten his pace or to change gait all by himself.
Pulling hard on the reins or kicking the flanks is not the right answer to get tuned with your horse. It is a matter of synchronization: your body’s life will give the tempo to your horse, your pelvis will conduct your energy down the horse’s legs.
Let the horse be a partner, thinking and taking decisions
This is very easy to understand but it requires patience. When asking something to your horse, you should let it some time to figure out what you want. Keep asking nicely and let him think and try. If the response is wrong, make it difficult and redirect the horse’s energy toward the right response.
Sometimes, that means you will have to wait for five to ten minutes before the horse starts to get it. Just wait. All the time you spend to let him think is not lost, it is an investment. As the more you will advance in the program with your horse, the quicker it will understand you and respond correctly.
Reward the slightest try
You have to know that your horse will not be perfect after only one session. Actually, it will not even be perfect after ten or one hundred sessions, as there always is something to improve.Yet, from the very first time you work with your horse, you ought to make sure that you will reward it right on time!
For instance, when you want to teach your horse to back up, you will reward it as soon as one foot moves back by releasing all pressure and petting the horse. Eventually, you will feel your horse and you will be able to reward it as soon as it shifts its weight back.
Finally, when you become more and more accustomed to your horse, you will read his mind and know when it thinks about backing up, then you release pressure which will leave an empty space to your horse to back up.
Please, make sure you understand all these principles, because the soonest you will apply them and the best results you will obtain.
Ready? Let’s start the Foundation Groundwork.